CAL FIRE operates over 3,000 fire and emergency response and resource protection vehicles. This includes vehicles that are state-owned, and vehicles that are local government-owned but operated by CAL FIRE personnel.
CAL FIRE's mobile equipment includes everything from fire engines, bulldozers, crew carrying vehicles, administrative vehicles, mobile kitchen units, mobile communications units, trailers, forklifts, construction equipment, and support units, to All Terrain vehicles, snowmobiles, and even insect control vehicles.
Ensuring that CAL FIRE personnel statewide have the very best emergency response and resource protection vehicles is the responsibility of the staff of the CAL FIRE Mobile Equipment Facility. The facility is located in Davis, California, just outside of Sacramento. Staff is responsible for design, acquisition; maintenance, major repairs, replacement and disposal of all CAL FIRE-owned vehicles, and provides these services for local government equipment when requested. CAL FIRE fleet managers and equipment mechanics located statewide keep the Department's mobile fleet rolling on a daily basis.
Capability, safety and reliability are the essential requirements for all CAL FIRE equipment. Effective preventative maintenance and repair programs assure that these requirements are met. Inspection, inventory management, and long-range planning assures that CAL FIRE staff will always have the right vehicles, and the best vehicles, to handle all of California's emergency and resource protection needs.
CAL FIRE Mobile Equipment History
The fire apparatus of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) have always been an essential tool for the agency to accomplish its mission of protecting California's citizens, forest lands and urban interface from destruction by wildfire.
The "State Division of Forestry" acquired one Moreland fire truck in 1928, and four more in 1929. Twenty-eight additional Ford fire trucks were acquired in 1930 and 1931. By 1934 162 vehicles were in the inventory. In 1938 the Davis Equipment Facility was in operation and assistant rangers were given winter work building fire trucks there. By 1945 the inventory had reached 733. Military surplus vehicles were widely used by CAL FIRE after WWII. In 1948, 61 Dodge crew trucks were added to the fire fighting fleet.
From the beginning to the present, great changes have been made. The fleet size reached 1,400 vehicles in 1961. Crew buses were added to the fleet in the early 1960s to transport Conservation Camp crews to projects and fires. Thirteen passenger Crew Carrying Vehicles (CCVs) built in the 1970s have evolved into 17 passenger, code 3 equipped, fully air conditioned Emergency Crew Transports (ECTs) equipped with automatic transmissions and retarders.
Over the last 50 year period many improvements have kept CAL FIRE fire apparatus in the lead for state of the art developments. Safety and operational innovations have made the CAL FIRE fleet one of the most effective in the world for protection of both the wildland and urban interface. Major improvements were made in the 1980s. Though some personnel used to ride on the back of engines, protected by roll bars, better, larger and easier to operate fire engines have since evolved featuring fully enclosed, air conditioned cabs for all personnel to ride in safety and comfort. Two-stage, hydrostatically driven fire pumps developed in the late 1980s allowed for more versatile and effective fire fighting techniques.
Other mobile equipment has been added to the fleet as well. Modern 1,000 meal capacity Mobile Kitchen Units (MKUs) provide healthy and nutritious food on emergency incidents. Large Mobile Command Centers (MCCs) provide a full range of communications and statistical management information to more effectively handle the large variety of emergency incident work that CAL FIRE personnel are now asked to manage.
The bulldozer fleet has also undergone change. Enclosed, air conditioned cabs on bulldozers protect the operators from heat, dust and noise and provide a better environment from which to do their fire fighting work. CAL FIRE's dozer/transport fleet has seen minor upgrades from Caterpillar D6C dozers built in the 1960s to later model Caterpillar D6XL and D6M series high-track dozers with enclosed cabs. These upgrades have been accomplished through the timely purchase of low hour, used equipment and a number of new, higher horsepower, air conditioned transports.
Entering the new millennium, two-stage, 500 GPM, PTO operated fire pumps with 180 GPM diesel powered auxiliary pumps are being designed for fire apparatus and are currently built according to NFPA guidelines. The current fleet consists of over 2,800 vehicles which includes 383 front line fire engines in 12 different models, 237 crew buses and 58 bulldozers.
While wildland fire protection is the emphasis, the need to protect structures both in wildland areas, and in cities and communities throughout California, make it necessary for the Department to have a variety of engine models. The engines described on these pages are the core models owned and used by the CAL FIRE.
CAL FIRE's most recent wildland engine is the Model 34. The Model 34 is a four-wheel drive Type 3 engine with a 500 gallon tank. Its 2-stage pump can distribute 500 gallons per minute.
For the specs on CAL FIRE's Model 34 download the "Model 34 Fact Sheet"(PDF).
Fire Engine Models
Federal Excess Property (FEPP)
The Federal Excess Personal Property Program was enacted by Congress under the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 and the Cooperative Forestry Assistance Act of 1978. The Act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to encourage the use of FEPP to assist in reducing state fire budgets by loaning federal-owned property to state foresters and their cooperators. To qualify for this program, a fire department must meet a number of requirements, one being a responsibility for providing fire protection on wildlands within the department's jurisdiction. The U.S. Forest Service monitors the use of loaned property to ensure that all FEPP acquired is used 90 percent for fire protection support and only 10 percent for other support.
The FEPP Program enables the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CAL FIRE) to acquire, "on loan" from the federal government, property that assists the Department in fulfilling its emergency response mission. That property includes such items as trucks, fire tools, hoses, vehicle parts, nozzles, generators, air compressors, fire protection clothing, aircraft, and aircraft parts.
CAL FIRE acquires approximately one-third of all FEPP nationwide with acquisitions exceeding over $200 million since 1978. FEPP is used to support Department units and programs statewide. For example, the CAL FIRE Aviation Program acquired $25 million worth of FEPP in 1996 alone, mainly in the form of 20 military S-2E/G airtankers that are being retrofitted as turbine fire fighting aircraft. While the Department pays for the retrofitting, the aircraft were free. On a much smaller scale, one CAL FIRE unit saved $8,000 by acquiring shop rags from the FEPP Program. As FEPP is loaned, when CAL FIRE no longer has a need for the property, it is turned back to the federal government which offers it to other government agencies and eventually sends it to public sale.
You can learn more about this program at the federal FEPP website.
For more information on CAL FIRE's use of FEPP contact:
Marie Ramos at (916) 324-1177
Nicole Kociemba at (916) 322-0687
Alicia Hastings at (916) 445-0351
CAL FIRE Equipment Sales
When CAL FIRE fire engines and other related equipment reaches replacement criteria it is removed from front line service. This equipment is a minimum of 15 years of age and is no longer considered cost effective for initial attack statewide wildland fire control.
It is in the best interest of the State of California to reutilize equipment by providing Fixed Price Sale to other government agencies. CAL FIRE's Mobile Equipment Facility in Davis, California holds fixed-price fire equipment sales once or twice per year. Fire agencies receive first preference in buying obsolete CAL FIRE fire equipment. For details, please contact CAL FIRE's Mobile Equipment office at (530) 757-2407.
The Department of General Services, Office of Fleet Administration's Auction Services auctions for all other CAL FIRE vehicles (excluding fire equipment). These auctions are open to the public and are "open bid" auctions. For information refer to the Office of Fleet Administration, 530-757-1063.
The next Fixed Price Engine sale will be March 2020, for more information please click on the Fixed Sale #61 link below.